The State of Orissa being a maritime State offers scope of livelihood in fishing, both in the sectors of inland and marine. The fishermen are not only isolated to the coastal districts but also scattered throughout the peninsular land logged districts. The repatriates or the refugees from the neighbouring countries like - Bangladesh etc. have been settled in the districts where there were enough scope of fishery potential since they were mainly having the livelihood of fishing in their country.
The fishermen population of the State is about 10.84 lakhs, of which about 7.51 lakhs are in Inland Sector and 3.33 lakhs in Marine Sector that constitutes 2.95% of the total population of the State (3.68 crores - 2001 Census). The economic status of the fishermen is generally below poverty line (BPL).
The district wise details of fisherman is as under: